VCN- Implementing the wishes of the Government in Resolution 99/NQ-CP of the Government's meeting in October 2019, the General Department of Customs urgently completed the draft of the Project “Renewing quality inspection model of export and import goods “and the draft report to the Government on reviewing and proposing the handling of problems caused by law and ordinance in the direction that Customs offices are the focal point for implementation of specialised inspection at the border.
|Officials of Da Nang Border Gate Customs Sub-Department inspect imported goods. Photo: N.Linh|
Customs is the focal point for implementation
According to the drafting committee, the current law provides for the clearance of export and import goods, the enterprise must fulfill responsibilities and obligations on goods clearance specified in the Customs Law and the Specialised Laws. Accordingly, depending on each specific case, to clear the goods, the enterprise must submit/present to the Customs office a permit or document on inspection results (quarantine, quality, food safety and standards).
The National Assembly and the Government have issued an adequate system of specialised regulations, creating the necessary legal environment with the policy of ensuring safety, protecting people's lives and health, environmental protection, economic security and national security. However, the process of organising the implementation of specialised inspection of exported and imported goods still has many shortcomings that give rise to administrative procedures, increase costs and lengthen time making procedures for enterprise, wasting resources for society. From there, it leads to a reduction of Vietnam's competitiveness in trade exchange and international economic integration.
Recently, with the guidance of the Government, the specialised inspection of exported and imported goods has achieved some results but has not met requirements of the reform and national competitiveness capacity improvement in cross-border trade. To save time, costs and resources for enterprises and society but still meet requirements of State management of goods quality, on November 13, 2019, the Government issued Resolution No. 99/NQ-CP's at the regular Government meeting in October 2019, which assigned: “The Ministry of Finance strongly reformed customs procedures in the direction of electronicisation, towards electronic customs, in line with international standards; assume the prime responsibility in formulating project on specialised inspection reform along the direction that the Customs office is the focal point for specialised inspection at the border gate (except for goods related to security, defence, quarantine), specialised management ministries shall conduct post-inspection and submit to the Government in the first quarter of 2020.”
Following the direction of the Government, the General Department of Customs (Customs Supervision and Management Bureau) has drafted the Project. Accordingly, on the basis of the list of exported and imported goods subject to quality inspection together with the corresponding compulsory technical regulations promulgated by specialised management ministries, the Customs office shall apply the principle of risk management, selecting lots of goods that are likely to violate specialised inspection regulations to conduct inspection or request the conformity assessment organisation appointed by specialised management ministries to conduct quality inspection, enterprises shall take responsibility for the quality of export and import goods in accordance with technical regulations.
Comprehensive reform of inspection model
The project aims to comprehensively reform the model of quality inspection of exported and imported goods to create favourable conditions for goods import and export activities in the direction of simplifying procedures, promptness, and convenience, reducing costs and resources for enterprises and society; clearly defining the State management responsibilities of goods quality of the specialized management ministries and the inspection responsibilities of agencies/organizations conducting inspection on the basis of application of risk management principles, in line with international practices in order to save maximum costs, time and resources for the society but still enhance the inspection of exported and imported goods quality in accordance with the provisions of law, meeting the requirements of international integration; improving the competitiveness of domestic enterprises and promoting economic growth. According to the assigned plan, the project is expected to be submitted to the Government in the first quarter of 2020 in accordance with guidance in Resolution No. 99/NQ-CP.
According to the General Department of Customs, the draft project has been completed. To ensure the implementation of the new quality inspection model as proposed in the proposal of draft project, while waiting for amendments and supplements to relevant laws, the Ministry of Finance proposes the Government for promulgation of a decree on amendments and to supplement a number of decrees on the quality inspection of imported and exported goods to ensure the legal basis for the Customs office to inspect the quality of imported and exported goods. The amended and supplemented decrees include: Decree 85/2019/ND-CP of the Government stipulating implementation of administrative procedures under National Single Window, ASEAN Single Window and specialised inspection for imported and exported goods; Decree 40/2019/ND-CP of the Government amending decrees guiding the Law on Environmental Protection amended and supplemented; Decree No. 74/2018/ND-CP amending and supplementing a number of articles of Decree 132/2008/ND-CP detailing the implementation articles of the Law on product and goods quality.
According to the drafting committee, to submit to the Government in the first quarter of 2020, in the future, the General Department of Customs (Ministry of Finance) will coordinate with units to implement a number of tasks such as: completing the project on the basis of receiving opinions of representatives of the Government Office, representatives of ministries and branches at the meeting on December 18, 2019; consulting ministries and branches on the draft project; organizing seminars in Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City to collect opinions of the business community on the draft project; holding a meeting (second time) to consult relevant ministries and branches about the content of the project.
Expected from March 15 to 20, 2019, the Ministry of Finance synthesises and reports to the Government on the Project "Renewing the quality inspection model of exported and imported goods".
By N.Linh/ Binh Minh