VCN- The shortcomings and difficulties on specialized inspections through the survey results at the HCM City delegates of the National Assembly in Ho Chi Minh City Customs Department were reported to the National Assembly in the 2nd session.
The officials in the Investment Customs Branch-HCM City Customs Department consult and support business. Photo: T.H
To prepare for the 2nd session of the National Assembly XIV, the HCM City delegates of the National Assembly had a working meeting with HCM City Customs Department, other authorities of the State management, and businesses to listen to difficulties and proposals on specialized inspections for exported and imported goods.
The HCM City delegates of the National Assembly recorded and highly appreciated the effort and the results that the HCM Customs Department had achieved over the past time, especially in specialized inspections for imported and exported goods.
To facilitate enterprises in specialized inspections for imported and exported goods, HCM City Customs Department has actively signed coordinated regulations with the specialized inspection authorities and port operators and implemented the check points for specialized inspection in the major border gates and the portal of specialized inspection in the border gates to carry out coordination among units.
According to the HCM City Customs Department, the majority of the regulations about specialized inspections still have shortcomings and obstacles which cause difficulties and costs for enterprises. In detail, the procedures for pre-specialized inspection are very complicated. In the field of food safety, before the shipment is inspected, enterprises must publish canonical standards, it takes from 2 to 3 months for each heading of commodity. And, the cost of publication of canonical standards is huge, about 5 million vnd/sample, 100 samples in a month, enterprises must pay 500 million vnd for the publication of canonical standards. In addition, the list of commodities to undergo specialized inspection before clearance is too much and accounts for 30-35% of imports at present and there are many duplicate items that must be inspected by multiple specialized inspection agencies when being imported. Not only in the field of food safety, in the field of energy labeling is very cumbersome, it takes at least 3 months or generally 6 months.
According to the analysis of the HCM City Customs Department, currently the specialized inspection regulations for exported and imported goods are difficult on procedures and prolonged clearance of goods, the procedures among relevant agencies become a cost burden for enterprises. The proportion of goods for specialized inspection is quite high, in 2015, nearly 390,000 declarations have specialized inspected accounting for over 36%; from 2016 to now, the proportion is nearly 40% of Customs declarations, whereas, the percentage of the violating declarations are very low, less than 0.01% of the total number of declarations that must undergo specialized inspection. This result shows that the current regulations are not effective or efficient. The costs that businesses must be pay to the specialized inspection authorities is huge and becomes a burden for businesses, but often it prolongs the time of clearance and enterprises cannot manufacture and trade goods in a timely way, it reduces competitiveness and looses the opportunity for the enterprise.
On the other hand, the current specialized inspection regulations have affected Customs’ efforts to reform Customs clearance procedures. The application of risk management principles and the use of Vietnam Automated Customs Clearance System (VNACCS/VCIS) has created a turning point in Customs management, consistent with the management of World Customs and meets the requirements of the international economic integration of Vietnam.
|Promote the efficiency of specialized inspections at the border|
The HCM City delegates of the National Assembly noted that through practical specialized inspection the efforts in the implementation of many measures of administrative reform and modernization of Customs have resulted in many positive changes, improved the effectiveness and efficiency of the specialized inspection, enabled faster clearance of goods. However, the efforts of the Ho Chi Minh City Customs Department and the relevant agencies, organizations also only solve the top part of the problem. The root cause of the problems are the difficulties and problems in specialized inspection for exported and imported goods which need to be drastically solved by the competent authorities.
By Le Thu/Hoang Loan