VCN - By November 11th, 2018, there were 19/35 Customs Departments achieving the initial target of the State budget revenue assigned by the Ministry of Finance; and only 9 out of 35 Departments reached the additional target. However, they are only units accounting for a small proportion of state budget revenue. Large Customs Departments such as Ho Chi Minh City, Hai Phong and Hanoi have now collected over 80% of the target while there is only one month to the end of 2018.
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9 out of 35 Customs Departments achieved the 2 targets
By October 31st, 2018, with the drastic measures, the revenue gained from anti-loss measures (such as recovery of tax debts, revenue from post-clearance audit, anti-smuggling, anti-revenue losses through re-determination of codes, value of goods, C / O ...) of the whole sector, was about VND 4,000 billion. In particular, the revenue from tax debts in the 10 months of 2018 reached VND 1190 billion; from anti-smuggling and trade frauds was VND 287.04 billion; from post-clearance audit was VND 1,727.6 billion; from inspection and examination was VND 143.1 billion; from redetermination of codes was VND 425 billion; from Customs re-valuation was VND 228 billion.
By November 11th, 2018, the state budget revenue of the whole customs sector was about VND 262,473 billion, equal to 92.75% of the estimate, equal to 89.58% of the desired target (293 trillion dong), up 6.82% over the same period in 2017.
At present, 19 out of 35 customs Departments have achieved the initial budget revenue target assigned by the Ministry of Finance. They are Customs Departments: Ba Ria-Vung Tau, Quang Nam, Quang Ninh, Khanh Hoa, Da Nang, Ha Nam Ninh and Ha Tinh, Lao Cai, Nghe An, Tay Ninh, Quang Ngai, Binh Dinh, Thua Thien Hue, Dak Lak, Cao Bang, Ca Mau, Kien Giang, An Giang, Quang Binh and Dien Bien. Of which, 9 Customs Departments completed both targets (including additional target): Quang Nam, Khanh Hoa, Lao Cai, Tay Ninh, Cao Bang, Ca Mau, Kien Giang, Quang Binh and Dien Bien.
According to the analysis by the Director of the Export-Import Duties Department Luu Manh Tuong, the 10 months’ revenue was higher than that in the same period of 2017 due to a 13% increase of import and export turnover over the same period last year. Of which, the import turnover of some items with large revenue tended to increase such as computers, electronic products and components estimated at US$ 34.61 billion, up 13.2%; iron and steel of all kinds estimated at US$ 8.33 billion, up 10.6%; Petroleum estimated at US$ 6.77 billion, up 20%; and other common metals were estimated at US$ 6.21 billion, up 29.9%.
The most remarkable was imported crude oil, with the price increasing from US$ 50/barrel at the estimation time to US$ 75/barrel; the average price of finished petroleum products for 9 months in the world market increased, ranging from 26.17% to 38.1% over the same period in 2017. In addition, from the beginning of this year to date, the increase in US$ value of more than 3% was also the reason for the increase in revenue from import and export duties.
This has helped the state budget revenue of the Customs sector in 2018 increase more than VND 20 trillion from petroleum.
However, the Director of the Import-Export Duties Department also said that some Customs departments would find it difficult to achieve the assigned budget revenue targets, such as Lang Son Customs has now reached only 55.79% of target, Thanh Hoa Customs reached 63.17% of target, Hanoi Customs reached 76.8% of target, and Quang Tri Customs reached 78.5% of the target. These units do not have imported petroleum products, moreover, the impact of free trade agreements (FTA) have caused revenue reductions for imports and exports.
At present, some Customs departments with large revenues such as Ho Chi Minh City, Hai Phong and Vung Tau now have reached 80% of targets.
Specifically, at Hai Phong Customs Department, state budget revenue to date was about VND 44,843 billion, reaching 89.17% of the estimated target and 88.13% of desired target. One of the important items contributing to Hai Phong Customs revenue was imported cars; the car import turnover at Hai Phong Customs accounted for nearly 43% of the country’s total car import turnover in the same period. In the past ten months, the car import turnover at the Department reached US$ 2.8 million, up 83.6% over the same period of 2017. By the end of October, the total import value of this item at Hai Phong Customs Department reached nearly US$ 507 million.
At Ho Chi Minh City (HCMC) Customs Department, so far, the unit collected about VND 88,632 trillion, accounting for 82.07% of the ordinance estimate, reaching 99.05% of the revenue in the same period of 2017 (VND 87,219 trillion). Although the state budget revenue in October of 2018 HCMC Customs increased by 20% compared to September, but due to policy influences, the Department’s revenue decreased sharply in the past 10 months. According to HCMC Customs Department’s analysis, in the first 10 months of 2018, the unit’s revenue reduced VND 13,000 billion, including VND 8,000 billion from tariff lines of 11 FTAs and about VND 3.600 billion from imported cars and VND 1,400 billion from petroleum.
Effort for the sprint
According to the leader of the Import-Export Duties Department, with the progress of current state budget collection, the Customs sector is able to collect and exceed the target set in 2018.
At the task briefing in October and the deployment of tasks at the end of the year, the General Director of Customs Nguyen Van Can has asked the units to step up measures to prevent loss, strictly examine the declarations and application of tariffs and preferential tax rates, avoiding cases of fraud between ordinary tax rates and preferential tax rates. Along with that, closely supervising and strictly complying with regulations, especially in tax refund.
Entering the stage of "sprint", customs units have also set their own tasks depending on the actual situation in each locality to strive to achieve the assigned targets of state budget revenue.
The representative of Ho Chi Minh City Customs Department said that the task in the last 2 months of 2018 will be much more difficult than that in 2017, however, according to the plan and forecast, the unit will strive to collect VND 108,000 billion and completed 100% of assigned target. To do this end, the leader of the Ho Chi Minh City Customs Department directed the units to deploy the fight against smuggling and trade frauds ; focus on revenue from luxury car imports from Europe, Japan, South Korea, USA and consumer goods for holidays and Tet. Moreover, further facilitating trade, creating trust in enterprises; strictly managing and ensuring the revenue and publicizing administrative procedures. It is expected to hold a conference to encourage enterprises which have contributed large taxes to Ho Chi Minh city budget to pay attention to implementing orders and paying taxes at the Department.
At Hai Phong Customs, besides general solutions of the General Department of Customs, this unit has focused on supporting 6 key business groups. One specific content Customs Hai Phong has just launched is classification of enterprise type to take effective support measures. The classification will cover both import and export enterprises and enterprises providing import and export services. Thereby, classifying groups of similar enterprises to take effective support and cooperation, especially the assignment of specific esponsibilities for each unit under or attached to the Department, and particularly the responsibility of the branches which directly handle procedures for the business community. This contibiuted to facilitating trade, attracting enterprises and effectively supporting the budget collection.
Despites being unit which has a good revenue, right from the beginning of September, 2018, Quang Ninh Customs launched the emulation "90 days and nights for sprint" from October 1st, 2018 to December 12th, 2018, to strive to capture and exceed the target of VND 10,580 billion.
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A number of Customs departments have achieved good collection rate such as Binh Duong, Dong Nai, Bac Ninh, Ha Nam Ninh and so on achieved 75% of the targets, which were mainly from operation of export production and processing enterprises. The revenue from import and export taxes strongly depend on the expansion of production and business of these enterprises. These provinces also identified measures to carry out the task of state budget collection in the last months of the year, which is strengthening the combat against tax losses, trade fraud through code, origin, taxable price, policy and enhancing post-customs clearance audit, the internal inspection and examination.
By Thu Trang/ Huyen Trang