VCN - At the discussion of plenary assembly on 26/5, Minister of Finance Dinh Tien Dung has reported and explained for clarification on the structure of state budget, the execution of financial discipline, budget deficit and public debt over the past two years. These are the contents that have been discussed by the members of parliament in more than a day of discussion.
|Minister Dinh Tien Dung explained at the National Assembly|
Regarding the situation of disciplinary and financial discipline, the Minister acknowledged, as the National Assembly said, the state of disciplinary compliance of state budget in many places are not strict, both at Central and local levels. It also occurs in state agencies and enterprises, including FDI enterprises and non-state enterprises.
Referring to the cause of the situation, we have changed the tax administration, from pre-audit to post audit and risk management. The Minister said that the transformation of this management mechanism is in line with international practices, facilitating enterprises and improving the investment and business environment. Recognizing this mechanism is a gap for taxpayers to take advantage of appropriated tax, but the Minister also said that this is the right direction, should have persistent implementation. The solutions are also reported to the National Assembly for overcoming the weaknesses of this mechanism.
Firstly, continue to complete legal regulations on tax administration, strict assurance; there are criteria for classifying risks so as to have appropriate management methods, ensuring publicity and transparency. Most recently, the Ministry of Finance has submitted to the Government a Decree on electronic invoices, making electronic invoices again, surely the tax administration and tax base will be better, the Minister said.
Secondly, it is necessary to raise the sense of law observance of enterprises and taxpayers through the propaganda of tax law and tax coercive measures; promote the operation of tax consultants.
Thirdly, to intensify the operation of inspection, auditing and accounting agencies, identify right subjects, areas with high risks in order to strictly handle violations in accordance with law provisions.
The Ministry of Finance is also actively reviewing and finalizing the legal basis to submit to the National Assembly for the elimination of tax debts which cannot be collected to ensure that the tax debt amounts are clearly reflected in the tax administration, Mr. Dinh Tien Dung said.
Minister Dinh Tien Dung:
Regarding the Law on VAT, to collect opinions of enterprises, people, experts and agencies, we keep the common tax rate at 10%, without VAT, up to 11-12% as originally drafted. Products and services subject to 0%, 5% tax, to ensure equity, limiting the social security policies are integrated in tax policy to lose the neutrality of tax.
About environmental protection tax, special consumption tax, expanding reserarch on tax collection facilities, adjusting tax rates in line with environmental protection needs and orienting consumption in the new situation.
With regard to property tax, the study aims to create social justice, on the basis of social management, market orientation, ensuring publicity and transparency of property, ensuring anti-corruption. The goal of increasing revenue is a secondary objective. Initial research has received many comments, we will continue to study to complete in the coming time.
By Hồng Vân/Thanh Thuy