VCN- Silk villages of Vietnam have been very developed, became famous with the superior quality and aesthetics products. What causes the vitality of handicraft villages to gradually disappear? How can the "Silk Road" of Vietnam be able to flourish again like before? Etc. Around this issue, the correspondent of Customs Newspaper has a talk with Mr. Luu Duy Dan, Chairman of the Vietnamese village Association.
At present, many traditional silk villages of Vietnam such as Van Phuc (Ha Dong, Hanoi) are gradually falling into oblivion, running after business, even the famous villages such as the La Khe (Ha Dong, Hanoi) completely "wiped out", switch to other business. How do you rate this fact?
Vietnam Silk is a long tradition in many areas with many silk products such as Van Phuc silk (Ha Dong, Hanoi), Ninh Binh silk, Thai Binh etc. However, Silk, in particular, is currently in a state of underdevelopment, facing many difficulties to develop. Typically in Van Phuc silk village, many households focus on business, buying Chinese products on sale. Previously, the La Khe silk was a very famous silk, was used by many dynasties to dress the king but from 2011 also officially lost the job. More than 200 production machines are no longer in operation. Instead, people move to other activities such as car keeping, writing a petition, selling the spirit things etc., for visitors to the relics such as Temple - Church such as Bia Ba (La Khe). If things do not change in the future, Van Phuc silk village will also "die" as the village of La Khe.
In terms of depth, the villagers now cannot live with the profession anymore. As the country grows, the demand high-tech production and high mechanics, the previously rich lands for mulberry and silkworm farming have been lost, leaving room for other works. In addition, manual production yields are rather low. Besides, in villages like Van Phuc silk, the artisans are getting older but they have not yet passed on to the next generation, leading to the development of limp. If a new team of succession, the next generation successor also not thoroughly by the artisan's lifelong career.
Does traditional production technology with a number of backward elements is one of the factors that directly pushes the Vietnamese silk trade villages into trouble?
The current difficulty is that the village is running a period of new technology development. Traditional technology is completely out of date. I think that it is necessary to modernize traditional technology and traditionalize the modern technology, reconcile the two factors. Specifically, mechanical parts need to be added to the traditional silk production technology but do not lose the elements such as the creative brain, skillful hands of artisans create the bearing Vietnamese national characteristics such as flowers, lotus, the elements bring the national image on silk products etc.
In general, what is the cause of the murky “picture” of the Silk villages in Vietnam?
The most basic issue is lack of development policy. The craft villages in general, Silk handicraft villages, in particular, do not currently have any clear policy, the way to develop. This is very dangerous. For example, want clean silk, first must have clean material area. The plan should clearly state where the raw materials for growing mulberry and silkworm rearing. In addition, the problem is also the planning of craft village infrastructure, the issues of vocational training, policies for labor, especially the artisans how the village etc. Currently, all are limping.
Policies have to build how to make at least people living in the profession, and product villages to meet the needs of integration. Currently, importing countries require very high-quality products. Therefore, even though as the traditional villages but also have to calculate the integration, market to match.
One of the points to note is that craft villages, in which there are Silk villages, are managed by many departments. In particular, MARD is in charge of partial management. The Ministry of Culture is also trying to promote tourism village. The Ministry of Industry and Trade wants to focus on boosting production to expand the trade etc. Each management unit is responsible for a little but no unit is responsible for specific, clear for the survival of the village. To change the situation, the government must take part.
Some people said that in the strong economic integration, if traditional villages no longer catch up with the development trend, not ensuring economic factors, they may even eradicate the village. What is your point?
Maintaining the village is necessary because it is to maintain both the tradition of the father left, keep the respectable attitude. The Vietnamese people are beautiful as well. Vietnam has something to show off to the world. If the investment focus, there are clear planning, traditional craft villages such as Van Phuc will be able to "live" better, not only by producing and trading silk. By now, the village can go in the direction of tourism villages and include additional occupations such as performances, guide visitors to tourism etc.
Thank you, Sir!
By Thanh Nguyen/ Huu Tuc