VCN - Regarding the initial effectiveness of the Customs agency's fight against fraud in origin and plans, the reporter interviewed Mr. Nguyen Tien Loc, Director of Post-Clearance Inspection Department (General Customs Department), the unit heading the implementation of the recent peak anti-fraud plan.
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|Mr. Nguyen Tien Loc, Director of Post-clearance Inspection Department (General Department of Customs)|
Can you assess the initial effectiveness of the peak of the fight against fraud of the Customs sector in recent years?
- In the first step, we have promptly prevented the abuse of FTAs that Vietnam signed with other countries, especially the US, to commit violations on the origin of Vietnamese goods, affecting commitments of our country to other countries.In particular, the export of goods to the US with booming export turnover, such as bicycles, solar batteries, seafood, wood and wood products, and many other items has been controlled.
Initial results have spread in the business community, raising awareness of law compliance of the import-export business community to prevent violations remotely. Enterprises are warned of the risk of easy violations to actively prevent and ensure compliance with Vietnam's regulations. This is reflected in the fact that after detecting violations, the enterprise has fully invested in the system of machinery and equipment for production to meet the criteria of origin of Vietnam.
The representative of the US Trade Office in Thailand thanked the Government, the Ministry of Finance and the General Department of Customs for their efforts in fulfilling Vietnam's commitments to implement the trade agreement between the two countries. From the results of the fight against origin fraud at the Customs office, the US Embassy's Economic Attaché in Vietnam also proposed working with Customs to discuss the implementation of the next steps according to Vietnam's Prime Minister's plan on trade with the US.
Despite positive results, the risk of violating the origin of Vietnamese goods is forecasted to be still very complicated, how do Customs continue to plan action, sir?
The General Department of Customs has determined that post-clearance inspection, investigation and verification of fraudulent acts of origin and illegal transshipment will still be the key activities of the industry in 2020 and subsequent years. From the results in the recent phase 1, the General Department of Customs continues to research and deploy the phase 2 orientation and plan to expand inspection and verification of origin fraud for many other businesses.
In order to make the fight more effective, the General Department of Customs proposes the Ministry of Finance and the Ministry of Public Security a number of key issues.
With the Ministry of Finance, the remedy is to force the submission of illegal benefits gained from committing acts of violation specified in Circular 149/2014 / TT-BTC to prescribe how to calculate with enterprises dealing in export production (the subject of infringing goods).
Therefore, it is necessary to supplement the provision of the method of calculating the illegal profit for enterprises operating under processing by the subject of goods (outsourcing unit), which is usually outside the territory ofVietnam but the acts of violations happen in Vietnam.
With the Ministry of Industry and Trade, there should be specific coordination regulations between the Ministry of Industry and Trade and the Ministry of Finance (Customs authorities) in implementing Clause 2, Article 28 of Decree 31/2018 / ND-CP on verification of Origin of import and export goods. At the same time, there must be specific instructions on the labeling of goods and the declaration of origin of exported goods in cases where goods are not eligible for Vietnamese origin.
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The Ministry of Industry and Trade also needs to have specific guiding documents on self-certification of origin and research, specific provisions on the method of determining the origin, violations of self-certification of origin to ensure the feasibility of sanctioning and preventing fraud.
By Thai Binh /Bui Diep