VCN - With a new approach in quality control and food safety inspection mentioned in the Draft Scheme on reforming the model of quality inspection, food safety inspection of imported goods, the benefits for businesses will be great, from simplifying procedures, innovating test methods and expanding subjects exempt from inspection.
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|Officials of Customs Sub-department are checking import and export goods atNoiBai International Airport. Photo: N.Linh.|
Define a new approach
One of the new approaches of the model is to change the approach from quality control by goods associated with goods owners to quality inspection by goods. The basis of this approach is based on the practice of inheriting the reform points prescribed in existing legal documents such as Article 17 of Decree 15/2018/ ND-CP providing for the application of inspection methods. After three consecutive tight inspections, they will go to normal inspection, withthree consecutive times within 12 months of normal inspection, they will go to reduced test.
Or in Clause 8, Article 1 of Decree 74/2018 / ND-CP (amended in Clause 3, Article 4 of Decree 154/2018/ ND-CP) stipulating the application of measures for exemption or reduction of group quality inspection, in particular: for imported goods with the same name, utility, brand, type, specifications of the same manufacturer, origin from the same importer, after three consecutive imports the results of the assessment of conformity with national technical regulations shall be verified by the inspection agency in writing, certifying the exemption from state inspection of quality within two years.
According to the Drafting Board, the above Decrees all have regulations on the application of risk management in specialized inspection, on the conversion of inspection methods, the application of measures for exemption and reduction of quality control but effective implementation is not high.
For example, Decree No. 74/2018/ ND-CP stipulates the exemption from quality inspection of group-2 goods for two years but requires the written confirmation of exemption from inspection by the inspection agency leading to the fact that goods exempt from inspection are few. Moreover, the subjects of application of these regulations are limited because the approach in these decrees is for goods attached to goods owners (not goods).
From existing regulations, the issue of quality inspection of goods will take a completely new approach, fully applying the principles of risk management. The new model determines the inspection method and the inspection level by goods, not the goods associated with the owner. With the change of the above-mentioned approach, it will increase the number of goods that are subject to the normal inspection method (records inspection), reduced inspection (only random checks the maximum of 5% of the total goods subject to reduced inspection). This will bring clear benefits such as: the percentage of shipments subject to quality inspection decreases due to the application of the common inspection method, the effective and substantially reduced inspection; customs clearance time is reduced due to the reduction in the ratio of lots of goods subject to quality inspection, simple quality inspection processes and procedures; businesses save more time and money due to reduced inspection shipments, simpler processes and procedures.
Extend the exemption
In addition, the new model will expand the subjects exempted from quality inspection and food safety inspection, including: the total number of cases exempted from quality inspection has been prescribed in Decree 15/2018/ ND-CP, Decree 74/2018 / ND-CP, Decree 85/2019/ ND-CP, and at the same time, adding a few cases and replicating them for all areas of quality control.
Specifically, exemption from food safety inspection currently has 13 cases according to regulations exempted from food safety inspection (including nine cases in Decree 15/2018/ ND-CP, supplemented with four cases of Decree 85/2019/ ND-CP). In the new model, cases of exemption from food safety inspection are proposed for exemption from quality control.
Regarding the exemption from quality control, there are currently 18 cases that are exempted from quality inspection (15 cases in Decree 15/2018/ ND-CP, adding three cases of Decree 85/2019/ ND-CP). At the same time, at the new model the cases of exemption from quality control are proposed for exemption from food safety inspection.
With the expansion of exempted subjects, it will bring great benefits to businesses. Specifically, the extension of exempt subjects is in principle the exemption and reduction subjects in this Decree (Decree 74/2018/ ND-CP, Decree 15/2018 / ND-CP, Decree 85/2019 / ND- CP) will be considered exempt from the other decree and vice versa; at the same time, adding a few more cases and replicating them that apply to all areas of quality control will increase the number of objects and shipments that are not subject to quality control.
Not only will there bebenefits of reducing procedures, costs and time, the new models will enhance the compliance of enterprises, ensure the control role of state management agencies through the application of risk management principles in quality inspection and food safety for imported goods and conduct random inspection no more than 5% to assess compliance with the law. Under the new model, the application of the risk management principle is carried out extensively and intrinsically in management of import and export goods in general, and goods subject to quality control and safety of imported food in particular. Regulatory authorities focus resources to inspect and control shipments of businesses that do not comply with the law, trade frauds, and high-risk shipments that may violate the rules. In contrast, for organizations and individuals that comply with the law in import and export activities, risk-free shipments will enjoy the simplest regime, fastest customs clearance time, and low cost.
However, according to the Drafting Board, such advantages do not loosen the inspection and supervision activities of state management agencies; management agencies still conduct inspections in case of signs of violation or incidental (not exceeding 5%) to assess the compliance of the customs declarants. The inspection at the sign or random inspection no more than 5% has a role in improving the legal compliance of the business, the business understands that the Customs office can check at any time. Since then meet the requirements of management and control of imported goods of management agencies.
By N.Linh/ HuuTuc