VCN- The General Department of Vietnam Customs is finalising the Draft Circular amending and supplementing Circular 38/2018/TT-BTC, in which the key content is to codify commitments on C/O related to the Customs authority in the CPTPP agreement.
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Head of a Division under Customs Control and Supervision Department Hoang Thi Thuy said that due to different contents of the CPTTP agreement, the instruction contents are regulated in a separate provision to create favourable condition for the Customs and businesses to implement. However, the general principle of checking and determining the origin of exported and imported goods still comply with the provisions of Circular 38/2018 / TT-BTC of the Ministry of Finance.
Specifically, contents that have been codified in commitments in the CPTTP agreement on checking and determining the goods origin of the Customs include: Origin rules in the CPTTP agreement (including three parts: 32 Articles, four appendixes and two sub-appendixes). Part A stipulates origin rules, including 18 articles on origin rules such as originating goods, wholly obtained goods, qualifying value content, calculation of materials and accumulation. Part B regulates procedures for origin determination, including 13 articles regulating declaration to apply special preferential tax rate, the form of certificate of origin. Part B provides regulations on other matters including a provision on the Commission for enforcement of origin rules and procedures for determining origin.
Regarding the four appendixes, appendix 3A stipulates other agreements (the self-certification of origin mechanism that C/O is issued by exporters or issued by competent agencies of the exporting country); Appendix 3B provides information on C/O of goods; Appendix 3C stipulates Exception of Article 3.11 on De minimis rule; Appendix 3D stipulates the product specific rules (PSR). In addition, the two sub-appendices include articles related to the rule of origin for vehicles, parts of vehicles and a sub-appendice of commodities in the list of lacked goods.
The Ministry of Finance will codify the provisions of the CPTPP with the contents related to procedures, methods of determining origin, including provisions related to the Customs authority at the draft circular amending and supplementing Circular 38/2018/TT-BTC.
The conditions for goods to enjoy special preferential tax rates under CPTPP for imported goods must be in the special preferential tariffs; exported from member states of the agreement, meet rules on freight (direct consignment); submit valid certificates of origin to customs authorities. For export goods, the condition for goods to enjoy special preferential tax rates under CPTPP is under the CPTPP export tariff; exported from Vietnam and imported into other member countries of CPTPP.
Certificate of origin includes: Certificate of goods origin issued by exporters and producers; C/O issued by competent agencies of the exporting country.
The minimum information of the self-certification of origin includes: exporter or producer, name or address (including country), phone number and e-mail address of exporter if the exporter is not a certifier; name, address (including country), phone number and e-mail address of producer if the producer is not a certifier or exporter; name, address, phone number and e-mail address of importer; description and HS code of goods, origin criteria, the time limit, date, month, year and authorised signatory.
C/O is issued for goods imported once, or the identical goods imported many time in the period on C/O but not more than 12 months from the date of issuing C/O. The identical goods must be imported by the same importer.
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The draft circular also stipulates that Customs authorities shall accept C/O to apply special preferential tax rates if the invoice issued by a country that is not the member country. If the invoice is issued by a country that is not the member country, the self-certification of origin must be issued separately from that commercial invoice.
The time limit for submission of C/O, Customs declarant shall submit C/O at the time limit of carrying out customs procedures. If C/O is not issued at this time limit, customs declarant shall submit C/O and implement additional declaration within one year from the date of Customs declaration registration. If goods are subject to import management regimes, the time limit for submitting of C/O is the time of carrying out customs procedures. The time limit for carrying out customs procedures is determined from the time of registration to the time of Customs clearance. If the goods release time is different from Customs clearance time, the time limit for carrying out customs procedures is determined from Customs declaration registration time to the goods release time.
By Ngoc Linh/ Ngoc Loan