VCN – Strengthening the reform and modernization of supervision, boosting the concentrated management for trade facilitation and striving to exceed the target of VND 293,000 billion assigned by the Ministry of Finance, are contents discussed at the Online Briefing Conference of the first quarter, and the implementation of tasks for the second quarter of 2018; held by the General Department of Customs with 35 video conferences at the local Customs units. The conference was hosted by the General Director of Customs, Nguyen Van Can, with the attendance and guidance of the Deputy Minister of Finance, Vu Thi Mai.
|Affected by FTAs, Customs revenue sharply declines|
|Customs must collect 24 trillion VND in each remaining month|
|Customs paid 1,034.3 billion VND of Customs post-clearance audits to State budget|
|Professional operations at Da Nang port Customs Branch. Photo: T.Bình.|
State budget revenues affected by FTAs
Regarding the state budget collection in the first quarter, Director of Import-Export Duty Department Luu Manh Tuong, said that state budget revenue in the first 3 months was VND 68,027 billion, equal to 24.04% of the estimate, 23.2% of the desired target, down by 2.16% over the same period of 2017. Although the import - export turnover in the first 3 months increased over the same period last year, State budget revenue in the first 3 months of 2018 decreased compared to the same period last year due to the impact from free trade agreements (FTAs) and new policies in 2018.
He analysed that in the first two months of 2018, the revenue was down by VND 3,400 billion, mainly from ‘less than 9-seat cars’ and components thereof. It is estimated that the Customs revenue will be down VND 30,150 billion due to FTAs.
It is noteworthy that the rate of state budget collection in the Customs sector tended to decrease in 2018 with the rates higher in January and February, and remarkably it declined in March. Compared to the first quarter of 2017, this year’s first quarter revenue has decreased VND 1,800 billion. Of which, the revenues of 14 out of 35 Customs Department depreciated against the same period in 2017, such as HCMC customs decreased by 8.82%, Hanoi decreased 10%, and Hai Phong decreased by 15% ...
According to Mr. Luu Manh Tuong, with this collection, the completion of the target of VND 293 trillion is difficult. In order to fulfil this, he stressed that the first solution is that heads of units need to develop detailed solutions to facilitate enterprises, focus on deploying major projects in the sectors, such as the Project on Customs management, and supervision at seaports and airports; the Project on management of processed and manufactured goods for export; the Project on tax collection and clearance 24/7 so as to facilitate import and export activities and restrict the exploitation of loopholes of policies for profiteering from enterprises, thereby increasing the State budget revenues.
Along with that, a series of solutions were introduced by the the Director of the Import-Export Duty Department, such as strengthening the Customs management, promptly detecting acts of smuggling and trade frauds, causing a loss of state budget. In particular, focusing on pricing, reviewing the list of risk management on prices to identify suspicious signs, effectively conducting consultations and post-clearance audits effectively; and attaching importance to classification and application of tax rates in order to avoid an inconsistent classification.
Reviewing cases subject to tax exemption, especially the tax exemption for preferential investment projects, due to differences in investment preferential policies between the Law on Import and Export Duty No. 45, and the Law on Import Export Duty No. 107; Focusing on analyzing risk assessment after clearance for the Green Channel shipments to organize post-clearance audit or specialized inspections in timely fashion so as to warn the Customs clearance step, and avoid duplicated errors; collecting recoverable debts; preventing new debts arising, especially debts after inspection, post Customs clearance audit; and dealing with outstanding debts in inspection and examination.
Emphasizing the important solutions directly affecting the task of state budget collection of local Customs units, Mr. Luu Manh Tuong said that the local Customs Departments should closely monitor the actual situation, especially revenues and revenue bases, thereby, introducing solutions suitable with the characteristics of each unit and reporting to the General Department for timely settlement.
At the Conference, representatives of the Customs Department, such as from Ho Chi Minh City, Quang Ninh and Hai Phong, said that the Departments are under pressure from revenue reduction due to FTAs, but each Department identified the state budget collection as an important task so they always strictly follow the provided solutions and try to complete the state budget revenue target.
Promote concentrated management
One of the greatest concerns at the Conference was to further improve the Customs supervision, expanding inspection areas, establishing concentrated Customs clearance points to further facilitate import and export activities for enterprises.
Deputy Director of Customs IT and Statistics Department Le Duc Thanh, said that according to the 2018 plan, the General Department of Customs will expand the automated system for Customs management and by the end of the third quarter 2018, local Customs Departments, such as Ha Noi, Hai Phong, Quang Ninh, Ho Chi Minh City, Ba Ria-Vung Tau, Da Nang, Quang Nam, Quang Ngai, Binh Dinh, Khanh Hoa and Can Tho, shall have the completed deployment of automated system for Customs management at all seaports and airports at their units. Based on the results of the survey from local Customs Departments, it is expected that by the end of 2018, about 180 warehouses, yard, and port operators will be connected to the system.
Concerning the modernization of Customs supervision in Hai Phong, Director of Hai Phong Customs Department Nguyen Tien Loc, said that the improvement in internal management is to quantify, publicize and quickly handle working stages inside the unit, which will facilitate the operation of enterprises. These are the solutions set by Hai Phong Customs to fulfill the tasks of 2018, especially the task of state budget collection.
According to Nguyen Tien Loc, the improvement in internal management for all work stages means mapping all steps and quantifying the specific work of each Customs officer in each unit. This plays an important role in the control of works which have been done on the IT system in a systematic, transparent and public manner. Thus, the handling of the work for officers is quicker, which accelerates the implementation of procedures for enterprises.
In Ho Chi Minh City (HCMC) Customs Department, Deputy Director in charge of HCMC Customs Department, Dinh Ngoc Thang, said that the Department will complete the deployment of automated system for Customs management for Sai Newport Corporation, which manages the two largest container ports in Ho Chi Minh City, Cat Lai Newport and Hiep Phuoc Newport. In addition, HCMC Customs will strive for the second and third quarter to complete the deployment of the automated system for more than 120 warehouse, yard and port operators and shipping lines in the city.
In Quang Ninh, Director of Quang Ninh Customs Department Bui Van Khang, said that in order to deploy the system, the Department has proposed the People's Committee of Quang Ninh province to permit for construction of an archive center for imports and exports with an area of about 100 hectares in Mong Cai city. This will gather all warehouses and yards scattered in Mong Cai into a concentrated management area and provide more support for import-export enterprises in the province.
Listening to the comments, Deputy Minister of Finance Vu Thi Mai, emphasized that the concentrated management is necessary to facilitate the import-export activities, so the General Department of Customs needs to focus on deploying vigorously the automated system for Customs management. However, this task requires a specific review and evaluation of the implementation process.
|Customs revenues reached VND 68,027 billion in the first quarter of 2018
VCN- These are the statistics published at the online conference in the first quarter of 2018 held ...
Hosting the conference, the General Director of Customs, Nguyen Van Can, requested the local Customs Departments to carry out unified management and update all arising activities related to Customs on the system. So that the supervision is transparent and clear.
Regarding the state budget collection, Mr. Nguyen Van Can requested the units to follow the directions and tasks to deploy the works assigned from the beginning of the year and to be determined to exceed the desired target assigned by the Ministry of Finance.
According to the Director General, in order to do this, the Customs Departmenet and Branches need to carefully evaluate the achievements, shortcomings and their initiative in the implementation of state budget collection, in procedure settlement and price and code determination as well as correcting errors in the inspection, valuation, codes of goods. Along with that, the fight against loss of revenue needs to be strengthened.
By Thu Trang/ Huyen Trang